Agriculture

How to Start Beetroot Farming – Step by Step Guide

Beetroot Farming
Beetroot Farming

This article is a step by step guide on How to Start Beetroot Farming. Beetroot farming is highly profitable and I believe farmers should consider investing into it.

Beetroot is a vegetable with significant benefits and less availability in Nigeria. Most farmers either have not heard about Beetroot farming or are not looking towards this part even though it has a high amount of profits.

In simple terms, we can say beetroot farming is very lucrative. It is one of the easiest vegetables to grow and even with less capital, you are good to go with this crop. If you don’t know, beetroot is added to salad several other continental dishes.

It is one of the few exotic veggies cultivated in Nigeria, Plateau state to be precise. It takes 2-3 solid years for these plants to reach full maturity. After which you can harvest it and use it for several important purposes. It is also grown with another top garden crop, Rosemary. With that you can at least imagine what you can get from this plant.

Let’s see what growing Beetroot or starting a Beetroot farming Business looks like in this part of the world.

Land preparation for beetroot farming

If you consider going into beetroot farm, you must understand the processes involved in Land preparation for beetroot farming. Get the best site with adequate Beetroot supporting factor. Make sure the land is a fertile Sandy loamy with a neutral landing.

Clear the land manually using his or make use of machines for clearing the land. Afterwards you can start making ridges to improve the capillary and percolation of the soil. The ridges it beds should be about 30 cm apart.

Planting the beetroot plants

Important steps in planting the beetroot and how to start beetroot farming:

1 . Start with choosing whether you would like to make use of the Beetroot seeds or seedlings to start your planting season. However, most people go for the use of seeds and that is what I will be using as a case study as well.

After which you can purchase your beetroot seeds from a reliable company. Buy the best variety that will grow in a particular field without any issue.

  1. If you want to start planting indoors, you can make use of pots. Fill ports with Sandy loamy soil and stay your seeds in it. This is done so that the soil mix and the seeds can be mixed together. The pots should be at least 20cm (8in) in diameter and at least 20cm (8in) deep.

However, if you think the seed is your own way, then try this next step.

Till the soil for the beetroot farming

The soil should be softened to improve the ability to maintain good drainage air and proper passage for water. You can make use of any tool to till the soil but keep the texture and structure of soil very reasonable.

Plant the seeds (or seedlings if you are going for one) 2 cm below the soil or mix of soil in the pot. Don’t take them very close to each other about 4 to 6 inches to make things accurate. This will only help in the growth of your crops.

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Picture Credit: Dan Burton 

Practice Beetroot Agronomy

The most important part of caring for your crops or practicing agronomy on any farm is to water it adequately. This is the first step to keeping the growth fast and in succession. If you can make sure that your irrigation system is sufficient enough then you can likely manage this aspect. Watering should be carried out everyday until germination begins. Once germination begins, you can extend watering periods to 10-14 days.

However you need to avoid over watering your beetroot farm. If you are in the raining season and there is consistent down pour on your farm please leave it alone before watering again. Too much water kills beetroot farms.

Fertilization in Beetroot Farming

Fertilizing your beetroot plant is another way to look at. This would post the nutrient availability of your farm. The requirement per 10 by 10 meters is 4–6 liters if you have an adequate farm that the crops are growing well. However, if you are starting to notice yellowing of leaves then it is better to increase it to about 30 g per the same square meters above. This makes it easy for you.

Diseases and Pests of beetroot farming

Finally, disease and pests are important to keep eyes on. This can tarnish a profitably proposed farm. It is a big issue and this can be prevented or solved. The weeds do not have a lot of issues; use manual method or cultural method to remove them e.g hands m, displacing geese on the farm etc.

While the disease needs a proper chemical. Whenever you are starting to notice stunted growth, yellowing of leaves, then you should look out for diseases

Thinning the beetroot farm

You expected me to put that in the last section but we can always explain this better apart. If your beetroot is about 2 cm of sprouting leaves, just cut out the weak seedlings 10 cm. Use the knife to cut and not the hand. Then you can use the weak seedlings as organic manure for the soil. This will improve growth of the soil.

Harvesting the beetroot plants

The next step is to harvest your Beetroot when the time is due. Once your beetroot has the size of the small orange, then the time for the harvesting is here for you. This takes around 8 weeks.

CONCLUSION

The final step is to make sure that you store your beetroot well. You can either wash them leaving a string of sand know them and keeping them in a box. Or it can be layered in wooden boxes without harvesting the beetroot from the other part of the crop.

Beetroot is a lucrative business, you should try it out as well.

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